The history of the 2nd largest port in Kerala dated back since it was founded by Mar Abo with sanction from Udayamarthandavarma the Tamil king of Venad Kingdom in the year 825 AD. Once Kollam was the most famous port city in India which served as the business hub of people from China, MiddleEast, Dutch, Portugal, Brazil and other Eastern Mediterranean countries. The artefacts, lying on the seabed probably for centuries, are being brought up through the suction dredging under way to increase the draft of the newly constructed, and have triggered interest in the history of the ancient port of Kollam. The historians based their claims about the ancient Kollam port on the written accounts of famous travellers and explorers who had been to Kollam and had seen the good old days of the port. They include Fa-Hien from China (337 to 422 CE), Hsuan Tsang from China (602 to 664), the Arab geographer Al Kazwini (1203 to 1283), Italian Marco Polo (1254-1324), Moroccan Ibn Battuta (1304-1369) and Arab traveller Suleiman (date disputed). Those were the days when Kollam was the global capital of the spices trade, especially of that in cardamom, pepper, and ginger. Teak and indigo were the other products.
Kollam being a Cashew hub in this country, the major potential is from cashews and related cargoes. The other commodities handled and potentially can handle include Marbles, Tiles, Sand, Commodities for other cargoes from PSU’s like VikramSarabai Space Centre in Trivandrum and KMML in Kollam, Titanium ore, Seafood, Clay, Timber logs, Sillamanite, Titanium-di-oxide, Blood bags, Newsprint / waste paper, Equipment / raw materials, Cement, Finished fertilizers (Urea & Muriate of Potash) Timber logs, Rubber, Food, agricultural products etc.
The primary hinterland of the Kollam Port extends to Pathanamthitta and southern parts of Kottayam district, Idukki district, South and middle portions of Alappuzha district, Kollam district and Thiruvananthapuram district and also with Kanyakumari-Tirunelveli- Madurai and Teni districts of Tamil Nadu.
The Kollam district is well connected to other parts of Kerala and India through the NH-47, NH-220 and NH-208. The National Highway 47 covers a distance of 57.4 km in the district and is only 2kms from the Thankassery port. The National Highways NH-208 (Kollam – Shencottai) and NH 220 (Kollam – Theni) originate from Kollam.
Kollam is an important railhead of the Southern Railways. The Kollam railway station is considered to be one of the biggest railway stations in Kerala state. The Trivandrum-Ernakulam line, which goes via Kottayam and Alappuzha, passes through Kollam. Kollam is the terminal junction of Madras-Egmore-Kollam metre gauge line. The Chamber of commerce has proposed rail connectivity along with the port and the government has taken up this proposal in a serious note.
Kollam is well-connected through waterways with other parts of Kerala and this stands to the advantage of the Thankassery port. The Centre has declared the Kollam-Kottapuram stretch of West Coast Canal, along with Champakara and Udyogmandal Canals (205 km) in Kerala, as National Waterway No 3 (NW3). The extension of the NW3 to Kovalam and further to Colachel is under its active consideration.
Specifications of PORT
|Latitude and Longitude||Lat. 8˚ 56’ N Long. 76˚ 34’ E|
|Entrance channel width||350 meters|
|Entrance Draft||11 meters|
|Basin Area||100 Hectares|
|Port Area||10 Acres|
|Transit Shed (2 nos)||1450 sq.mts each|
|Godowns (4 nos)||1450 sq.mts each|
|Wharf Strength||5 Tonne per sq meter|
|Container handling crane(1 no)||Liebherr Mobile Harbour Crane (LHM 120)- 40 tonne capacity|
|Container Handler (1no)||Terex-40 tonne capacity|
|Reach Stacker||1 No|
|Mobile crane (1 no)||Grove- 20 tonne capacity|
|Forklift (1 no)||Godrej|
|Weighbridge||Available (60 tonnes)|
|Channel Marking Buoys||Available|
|Pilot||Available on request|
|Fresh water supply||Available|