COYLAN : Kollam ( Quilon )

Coylang [later Quilon,now ‘KOLLAM’ CITY]  MAP 1672 

Title Coylang
Maker Baldaeus
Year Amsterdam, 1672 (published by Jansssonius van Waasberge en van Someren.
Description Antique map of  the city of Coylang ofCoylan, Malabar Coast, India ( copper engraving) printed in 1672.(first Dutch edition )
Location/Subject Antique maps / Asia / India / Malabar Coast /Coylan

The Queen of Coylang [receiving Nieuhof]

The Dutch representative William Van Nieuhoff describes the Rani as:

“… I was introduced into her majesty’s presence. She had a guard of above 700 Nair soldiers about her, all clad after the Malabar fashion; the Queens attire being no more than a piece of callicoe wrapt around her middle, the upper part of her body appearing for the most part naked, with a piece of callicoe hanging carelessly round her shoulders. Her ears, which were very long, her neck and arms were adorned with precious stones, gold rings and bracelets and her head covered with a piece of white callicoe. She was past her middle age, of a brown complexion, with black hair tied in a knot behind, but of majestick mein, she being a princess who shew’d a great deal of good conduct in the management of her affairs ” 

Umayamma Rani
Kulasekhara Dynasty

Born: – Died: 1705

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Rajah Aditya Varma
Rani of Venad, Attingal Mootha Thampuran
Succeeded by
Rajah Ravi Varma


The city of Coylang,” with Dutch East India Company ships in the harbor; from ‘Wouter Schouten’s travels into the East Indies’, 2nd ed., Amsterdam, 1708

The Royal Pagoda and Palace Conquerer [by the Dutch, Dec. 1661 ]

Quilon surrenders to Dutch :  “Two black kings come to Coulang” [and submit to the Dutch

From a Portuguese atlas, 1630

A plan published by the Van Keulen family in ‘De Zee En Land-Caarten en Gizigeten van steeden en landvertooningen van oost-indien’, 1752

Today, Tangasseri Fort (built by the Dutch in the 1500’s) survives only as a few ruined walls

Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D’Cruz of a general view north from the bridge, Quilon. It is one of 76 prints in an album entitled ‘Album of South Indian Views’ from the Curzon Collection. George Nathaniel Curzon was Under Secretary of State at the Foreign Office between 1895-98 and Viceroy of India between 1898-1905. [this photo copyright does not belong to Britain just because they were the rulers in India at that time ;because Travancore was not under British rule and the photos were taken by Travancore official ,not a British man.Britain got the tendency to claim copyright over Indian photos and try to sell it as if they are the owners of India still DUE TO THE PRESENT FINANCIAL CRISIS IN BRITAIN AFTER LOSING THE COLONIES

File:1904-ൽ ഉദ്ഘാടനം ചെയ്ത കൊല്ലം തീവണ്ടി സ്റ്റേഷൻ (1904-05).jpg

Railway station kollam(quilon) 1904

File:Residence of the Maharaja of Travancore at Thevalli in Quilon .jpg

Residence of the Maharaja of Travancore at Thevalli in Quilon-Photograph taken about 1900 by the Government photographer, Zacharias D’Cruz

File:ബ്രിട്ടീഷ് റസിഡൻസിയും ഗസ്റ്റ് ഹൗസും. ആശ്രാമം, കൊല്ലം. (1900).jpg

British residency at Quilon[kollam] 1900-residencies were buildings made for British resident officer who controlled and guided all maharajas ,in their respective kingdoms this was done to prevent the recurrence of revolt against British rule as happened in 1850

Max PAM, Waterway to Quilon, Kerala


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